aggettivi e pronomi possessivi in italiano

Possessive adjectives and pronouns in Italian

aggettivi e pronomi possessivi in italiano

Mine, Yours, Ours

In the Italian language, possessive adjectives and pronouns play a fundamental role in describing and attributing ownership. These linguistic elements are used to indicate belonging, possession, and relationships between people and objects. Let’s explore together the peculiarities and correct usage of possessive pronouns and adjectives.

The form of possessive adjectives and pronouns in Italian

Possessives in Italian can be:

ADJECTIVES

accompanying the noun

Il mio maglione è verde,

il tuo maglione è rosso.

PRONOUNS

replacing the nuon

L’ombrello di Carla è giallo,

il mio invece è blu.

Usage of possessive adjectives and pronouns in Italian

1)Possessive pronouns and adjectives in Italian refer to an owner and indicate who owns a particular object or entity.

La tua camicia è verde, la mia è bianca.
tua indicates that are you (tu) are the owner of the green shirt
mia indicates that I (io) am the owner of the white shirt.

2)They agree in gender and number with the possessed noun.

La tua camicia è verde, la mia è bianca.
tua and mia are feminine singular because camicia is feminine singular.

3)The possessives are preceded by the article.

ADJECTIVES

always

exc. with family names

(see below)

PRONOUNS

always

without exceptions

LUIGI: Il mio lavoro è

molto interessante.

MARIA: Anche il mio.

Usage of possessive adjectives and family names in Italian

For further insights into family names and their usage, you can read: Talking about your family in Italian

In the SINGULAR form
Mia sorella è molto alta.
Mia madre è una professoressa.
Mio zio si chiama Andrea.
As we see from the examples, possessive adjectives with family names in the singular are used without an article.
BUT:
La mia sorellina è cresciuta molto.
La mia mamma è molto buona.
Il loro zio lavora all’estero.
 
As we see from the examples, if:
-The singular family name is altered;
-The singular family name is mamma, papà, babbo;
-The adjective LORO is used;
 
In those cases, possessive adjectives with family names in the singular are used with the article.
In the PLURAL form
Le mie sorelle abitano a Napoli.
Le nostre madri sono nate lo stesso giorno.
I mei zii sono molto affettuosi.
As we see from the examples, possessive adjectives with family names in the plural are always used with the article.

Conclusion

Possessive pronouns and adjectives represent an essential aspect of the Italian language, allowing for indicating the bond between people and things. Knowing and using these elements correctly enriches the communicative ability in Italian and facilitates mutual understanding between speakers. Practice and exercises are essential to becoming familiar with the usage of these language structures, and in Italian language courses, this topic is always approached with great attention.

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